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Mark Ludwig

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Mark Ludwig is an American physicist and intelligent design advocate.


Ludwig has a PhD in physics and is an expert on the subjects of computer viruses and artificial life; His books on these topics have been well-received.[1] He later wrote a book opposing evolution and advocating intelligent design which has not received good reviews from other scientists.

Intelligent design[edit]

Ludwig is known for his book Computer Viruses, Artificial Life and Evolution (1993) which is one of the first intelligent design books. According to biologist Gert Korthof his book "starts with a scientific study of computer viruses and Artificial Life, transforms into a defence of intelligent design and ends with a confession of belief in the supernatural." Korthof explains that Ludwig is a qualified physicist with expert knowledge of computer viruses but without sufficient training in biology and he has misunderstood and misrepresented biology.[2][3]


Ludwig's book on intelligent design has been rejected by scientists yet is often quote mined by religious creationists in an attempt to prove that evolution is under attack and falling apart.[4][5] Some Christians also believe that Ludwig has disproven atheism as he has evidence that life could not have come about by chance.[6] These claims of Ludwig have however been rejected by the scientific community.[7]