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| The divine comedy|
Harun Yahya is the pseudonym of Adnan Oktar, a prolific Muslim Turkish old Earth creationist.[note 1] Yahya has made anti-Semitic statements, is (unsurprisingly) a Holocaust denialist, and has been convicted of using his advocacy organisation for criminal purposes. He has written over 200 books on various topics, including one in 2006, Atlas of Creation, which attempts to damn evolution by demonstrating that various species are unchanged from their fossil ancestors. Unfortunately he fails at this due to being unable to differentiate (for instance) sea snakes from eels, salamanders from frogs and flies from fishing lures![note 2] At least we can agree that fishing lures were created and did not evolve from live bait. We could even say that ones that get the job done very well are intelligently designed. In addition to his books Yahya not only has 163 websites devoted to pushing his views, but also apps for the iPad, iPhone, Android, iBooks, Kindle, Nook, Kobo and Blackberry.
So convinced is he of his rightness that he sent numerous free copies of Atlas of Creation to renowned zoologists and biologists worldwide. One of the "lucky" recipients was Richard Dawkins, who reviews the tome in a less than flattering light. PZ Myers also analysed his copy.
He has mailed copies of his book to schools in many European countries and is referred to many times in a document entitled The dangers of creationism in education produced by the Council of Europe. Specific mentions of some of his errors are made in this document.
Harun Yahya's recycled arguments
Harun Yahya's attempts at positive arguments for creationism all seem to fall into much the same pattern.
- Step one, which takes 90% or more of each essay, involves giving perfectly genuine scientific facts, copied from real scientists, concerning some aspect of nature. It really doesn't matter what — it can be anything from the metabolism of the koala to mimicry in parrots to the workings of the Venus flytrap.
- Step two involves pretending that "Darwinists" claim that the natural world was produced by "coincidence", or "random chance". Yahya then points out that this can't possibly be the case, and concludes that therefore evolution is wrong.
- Step three is to declare that since evolution is wrong, Allahdidit by a miracle.
He varies this formula very little, though occasionally he skips straight from step one to step three without bothering with step two.
The advantage of this method is that he can spend 90% of each essay copying out things which are actually true, which is a great way to pad out his essays, books, and DVDs. He requires only one lie — the huge, preposterous pretense that the theory of evolution ascribes the order and complexity of the natural world to "coincidences". This flimsy, clumsy misrepresentation of evolution can indeed be blown away by more or less any fact about the natural world. To quote the biologist and science advocate Richard Dawkins:
“”It is grindingly, creakingly, crashingly obvious that, if Darwinism were really a theory of chance, it couldn't work.
|—Richard Dawkins, Climbing Mount Improbable|
Besides attempts at the argument from design, Harun Yahya comes out with the usual creationist nonsense about intermediate forms, the standard pretense that "evolution is a religion", the popular creationist myth that creationists are gaining ground and the usual sorry ritual of blaming evolution for social Darwinism, for Nazism, for communism, and in a feat of chutzpah unusual even in a creationist, for terrorism. As this is the same stuff that every other creationist repeats, we presume that it is not the result of independent thought, but of copying off Christian fundamentalists and changing the word "Jesus" or "God" to "Allah" where necessary. As there is nothing original or even unusual in the arguments he recites, the reader will find all of his arguments listed, and debunked, in our list of creationist claims.
The one disadvantage of Yahya's technique that is it is wholly unoriginal. He bases his arguments off of the creationist lies used over and over again; anyone who spends five minutes finding out what the theory of evolution actually is will realize that Yahya's essays are deceitful rubbish. Presumably he's betting on his followers lacking the intellectual integrity or curiosity to spend five minutes with a biology textbook — and, sadly, it appears that this gamble has paid off.
In September 2008 he offered to pay out "10 trillion Turkish Lira to anyone who produces a single intermediate-form fossil demonstrating evolution" — he should bring his chequebook and take a trip to Lyme Regis for a day's ammonite hunting. Though considering he wouldn't know a transitional form if it got up, tap danced and whacked him on the head with its half-formed turtle shell or bit his nuts with its dinosaur-like teeth and bird-based beak, don't expect to see the money any time soon.
The cult leader and the sex
While Yahya/Oktar has been accused of running an Islamic apocalyptic sex cult, it's unclear whether his cult is a sex cult as such, or simply uses sex alongside its conspicuous display of wealth to lure in new converts. The sexualized imagery includes having the cult's attractive women address Yahya as the Mahdi and constantly fawn over him. In a more ominous tactic the cult's women were also used to lure wealthy men into, *ahem*, compromising positions which would then be used for blackmail. How this is acceptable religious behavior is beyond us. He was arrested for this but initially acquitted in 2000. However, he was eventually convicted and sentenced to three years' imprisonment in 2008. He is — obviously — appealing (or fairly unappealing depending on your point of view) and has been ordering his disciples to use sexualized imagery when trawling for converts since the 1990s. This imagery along with the bling-bling style of Yahya's TV performances is extremely odd, considering his cult's religious origins in conservative Islam and its rants against modern "decadence". It is perhaps best seen as an Islamic parallel to the prosperity gospel (which sits just as awkwardly within Christianity), combined with the simple marketing strategy that "sex sells". Other parallels (in recruiting and organizational techniques) possibly inspiring Yahya include "Charles Manson and Jim Jones, and in particular … the Moonies, the Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh and Scientology." Once you go beyond the glitzy wrapping, however, Yahya's sect looks more like an apocalyptic personality cult, strictly controlled by its "guru".
In 2018, Turkey issued 235 arrest warrants for Yahya and his followers. As of July 11, 78 people had been arrested, including Yahya. The charges include fraud, sexual assault, and military espionage. Given the increasing autocracy within Turkey, it is difficult to ascertain whether these are valid charges or a crackdown on viewpoints that do not follow Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's official views.
- Kids! This site is all yours
- Ask Darwinists, a response to some of Yahya's tripe
- Branches of science you have to ignore to believe in young Earth creationism
- Ray Comfort
- Qur'anic scientific foreknowledge
- Flirty fishing — the Christian edition
- Although sometimes he claims that the Earth is less than 10000 years old when arguing with priests, mullahs or hodjas, he accepts that the Universe is 4.63x1010 when facing off with real science.
- Since fishing lures are designed to fool fish, and managed to fool Yahya, it can be assumed they are of similar intelligence. Also, it is doubtful whether all fish are stupid enough to be fooled…
- Guilty verdict — Reuters
- 234 as of January 9th 2013
- Sex, flies and videotape: the secret lives of Harun Yahya, Halil Arda, New Humanist
- As of February 2015; all of them are meticulously listed on his website
- Harun Yahya Apps
- Venomous Snakes, Slippery Eels and Harun Yahya by Richard Dawkins (06 July 2008 at 4:00 PM) Richard Dawkins Foundation (archived from April 14, 2015).
- Well, fly fishing is a science by PZ Myers (January 9, 2008) Pharyngula.
- Dawkins website banned in Turkey
- School Teaching Creationism With Video From Islamic Sex Cult by Zack Koppin (05.15.16 10:03 PM ET) The Daily Beast.
- Kooky Curriculum: Ohio Public School Under Fire For Using Creationist Video Produced By Turkish Televangelist by Simon Brown (May 24, 2016) Americans United.
- Yahya on the Koala
- Yahya on Parrots
- Yahya on the Venus Fly-Trap
- Yahya Golden Ratio
- Darwinism is not science
- Darwinism on the retreat
- Darwinism and Materialism
- The Independent — Creationist offers prize for fossil proof of evolution
- Quite a lot
- The Islamic Sex Cult Supporting Turkey's Prime Minister, Lilly Lynch, The Balkanist, March 28, 2014
- The Mahdi Wears Armani (2013), p. 6 - doctoral thesis by Anne Ross Solberg, Södertörns högskola
- Turkey arrests televangelist Adnan Oktar on multiple charges: Controversial televangelist Adnan Oktar and some of his followers face charges ranging from sexual assault to espionage. (11 Jul 2018) Al Jazeera.