Bones of Contention: A Creationist Assessment of the Human Fossils

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Bones of Contention: A Creationist Assessment of the Human Fossils is an anti-evolution book written by young earth creationist Marvin L. Lubenow. It was published by Baker Books in 1992.


Lubenow claims that he has a major in anthropology and degrees in theology; he is a devout Christian and young earth creationist.[1] In a nutshell, the book proposes that the human fossil record supports the theory conjecture of special creation rather than evolution. Lubenow has said that he has over 35 years of research in the field of paleoanthropology.[2]

The book rejects common descent and any evidence for evolution and claims that the fossil record shows that humans were divinely created by the Christian God.[3] Lubenow rejects the dates of any fossils from the scientific community and argues for a young earth.[4] The purpose of the book was an attempt to show that hominid fossils do not exist.[5] Astute readers may have noticed that every one of the points mentioned above is wrong.


The book has been described as pseudoscience by the scientific community. Dr. Colin Groves in a review wrote that Lubenow has not educated himself about the scientific evidence for evolution and misrepresents the fossil record based on his religious beliefs.[6]